There is no divorce in the Philippines. With the recent ratification of divorce in Malta, the Philippines and the Vatican City remain as the only states in the world which do not support divorce. The influence of the church is seen as reason for the continued ban on divorce in the Philippines. The country is predominantly Christian, with 80% of them Roman Catholics.
Until there is divorce in the country, Filipinos are confined to using other remedies to sever their marriages. Among those allowed are Declaration of Nullity of Marriage and Annulment of Marriage.
Around the globe, termination of an existing marriage is the purpose of divorce. The purpose is different with regard to Declaration of Nullity and Annulment of Marriage.
In Declaration of Nullity of Marriage, the purpose is to have the marriage declared non-existent from the start as if no marriage took place. The grounds used for Declaration of Nullity involve the absence of any essential or formal requisite of marriage.
Annulment of marriage is resorted to in case there is a defect in any of the essential requisites of marriage. Since the defects are susceptible of ratification, the marriage is considered to be valid until it is declared annulled by the courts.
Another remedy available in the Philippines is legal separation, although it is seldom resorted to by couples who have troubled marriages. This is because legal separation does not actually dissolve the marriage but only allows the couple to be separate from bed and board. Being so, each of the parties are not allowed to remarry after they are granted a separation decree.